Vitamin B2 is also commonly known as riboflavin. It is water soluble and has to be consumed as frequently as daily since it cannot be stored in the body. Since it is water soluble, it gets dissolved and the excess is passed off as liquid waste from the body.
It facilitates the energy in the form of ATP or adenosine tri phosphate production in the body. It converts the complex carbohydrates into simple sugars which can be used by the organs for their regular functions. It plays an important role in the electron transport chain that is responsible for production and release of cellular energy. It also is responsible for regulation of breakdown and processing of oils, fats and amino acids.
Some of the most common and major sources of riboflavin or Vitamin B2 are:
● Dairy products like milk, curd, ghee, butter, yoghurt, cheese, etc.
● Roasted soya
● Lean meat
Though all the above foods contain riboflavin they do so in trace quantities. It is destroyed by strong lights and baking soda. It easily dissolves in water.
The deficiency of vitamin B2 hampers the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates as is it required to complete the process of breakdown of these. Some of the most common symptoms of vitamin B2 deficiency are: fatigue, bloodshot eyes with a constant burning sensation, high sensitivity to light, inflamed inner surface of the mouth, parched lips and a sore tongue. Sever cases of deficiency could also lead to anemia and chronic fatigue.
Prevents migraine: Doctors prescribe daily dosages of up to as high as 400 mg per day to the patients who suffer from frequent migraines. Its mechanism is still under research and studies. It is effective none the less.
Eye health: riboflavin is known to protect the health of the eyes. It prevents cataract and glaucoma. People who suffer from cataract are prescribed some vitamin B2 based drops that penetrates the cornea and strengthens the cornea.
Treats and prevents anemia: Anemia can be caused due to various factors, the major ones being decreased blood cell production and blood loss. Since vitamin B2 is actively involved in all these activities, when taken in the right quantities helps to regulate it, thus preventing anemia or treating it.
Maintaining energy levels: Vitamin B2 plays a major role in maintaining and regulating the metabolism in the body. When there is constant metabolism the excess energy is converted in to glycogen and stored in the body. Again, this is due to riboflavin.
Skin and hair: Vitamin B2 helps in maintaining the health of skin and hair. Collagen is a major component and riboflavin is responsible for its production.
These are the health benefits of Vitamin B2 or riboflavin. When taken on a daily basis in the right quantity, can help maintain the overall health of a person. Eating the right foods at the right meals will ensure that you get your daily dose of Vitamin B2.