The paleo diet has been around for quite some time. With some Palaeolithic diets dating back 10,000 to 2.5 million years ago, it’s certainly worthy of the other titles this diet has gotten, such as Stone Age diet, and Caveman diet.
That being said, there are many advocates around this diet just as much as there are advocates for vegan, vegetarian, and even fruitarian diets. Advocates around the Paleo diet have stated in the past that this diet can help in decreasing risks of chronic diet-related diseases as well as improve human performance.
But is that all true? Today we’re going to look at Paleo and delve into the history, rationale as well as the controversy around it with these 4 facts.
No Dairy or Grain Products
The first fact is for those who aren’t familiar with Paleo it’s essentially a diet that avoids two big things: dairy, and grain. The big reason that is is that it goes back to the theory behind Paleo diets. You are essentially eating the way your ancestors, the cavemen, are eating. As such, they didn’t have access to farming tools to harvest grain, nor did they have the tools to get milk or cheese. Instead, they lived off of fruits, vegetables, and a lot of meat and fish.
Impossible To Replicate The Ancient Diets
Some advocates claim this is how the diet is structured because it accurately depicts how we used to eat in the past. Although it makes sense, scientists argue the human genome theory that advocates presented. They cite that because we’ve evolved so much since then it’s impossible to have a diet equivalent to what we used to eat. Furthermore, they also cite that the hunter-gatherer populations also have poor health due to this diet.
A Shortcoming Of Paleo Diets
One of the shortcomings to the Paleo diet is that it’s quite restrictive. Like the other fad diets like vegan, vegetarian and fruitarian, you at least have access to grains and dairy. Since you can do so much with these, restricting them can limit you severely when trying to go for a balanced diet.
It’s for this particular reason why some Paleo diet books have said in the past to eat food that will make you comfortable. You still want to limit dairy and grain, however, you aren’t obligated to cut it off entirely.
Of course, the Paleo diet has gone through a variety of clinical trials to show the Paleo diet isn’t as feasible as it lets on. If you look up any of the studies, they will often note there is an inadequate amount of calcium, iron, and dietary fiber.
Should you consider going on this type of diet, it might be wise to find supplements that are rich in these sources.
All in all the Paleo diet’s foundation is built upon isolated studies, testimonials from other people as well as anecdotes. Much like most other fad diets, it’s grounded mostly rely on the people that have gone through this diet rather than actual scientific research, which of course points out a variety of flaws in the diet.
That being said, there are certainly some positives with this diet such as the focus on lean protein sources as well as whole foods, the main issue is their claims aren’t backed by research. This is the case with most fad diets.